What are Loans in the Digital World? | Crypto Lending Explained

6 min readAug 18


Have you ever deposited crypto into centralized banks? Crypto lending works similarly!

In this article, you will get introduced to cryptocurrency lending and discover different kinds of crypto loans, their security, and their benefits. Let’s start with a little glossary to simplify the understanding of the topic.

What is crypto lending?

Crypto lending is a financial arrangement where individuals or businesses lend their cryptocurrency assets to others in exchange for interest payments on a regular basis. It operates similarly to traditional lending practices, but the collateral and currency involved are digital assets, such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, or other cryptocurrencies.

There are primarily two categories of crypto lending platforms: decentralized and centralized. Both provide access to competitive interest rates. In both cases, borrowers usually need to provide collateral to secure a crypto loan.

How does crypto lending or crypto loan work?

There are three leading players in crypto lending: the lender, the borrower, and a DeFi platform or crypto exchange. Borrowers typically need to offer collateral before getting a crypto loan, though collateral-free flash loans are also an option. Conversely, a smart contract might create stablecoins, or a platform could lend out funds from other users. Lenders contribute their crypto to a pool the platform manages, earning a share of the interest generated in return.

What are types of crypto loans?

There are several types of crypto loans available in the cryptocurrency lending space.

  • Collateralized Loans: these are the most common type of crypto loans. Borrowers provide cryptocurrency as collateral to secure the loan. If they fail to repay the loan, the lender can sell the collateral to recover the funds. These loans often have lower interest rates due to the reduced risk for lenders. For instance, beyond the DeFi world, the prevalent forms of collateralization include home mortgages and car loans. In these cases, the house or vehicle serves as collateral, which the lender can take possession of if the borrower fails to meet the loan obligations.
  • Non-Collateralized Loans: this type is also known as flash loans. These loans don’t require borrowers to provide collateral. However, they usually have strict repayment terms, often needing to be repaid within the same transaction block. Flash loans are typically used for arbitrage opportunities or quick trades.
  • Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Loans: well, these loans occur directly between individuals, often facilitated by P2P lending platforms. Borrowers and lenders negotiate terms, including interest rates and collateral, without involving a centralized platform.
  • Overcollateralized Loans: Borrowers provide more collateral than the loan amount, which can lead to higher loan-to-value (LTV) ratios. This provides a buffer for lenders against volatility in the collateral’s value.

It’s important to note that the availability of these loan types and their specific terms can vary based on the lending platform and the cryptocurrency being used. When considering a crypto loan, it’s crucial to thoroughly understand the terms, risks, and benefits associated with the chosen loan type. That’s why we are always encouraging you to DYOR and keep safe.

What are the perks of crypto lending?

  1. Easy Access to Liquidity
    Borrowers can access liquidity without the need to sell their cryptocurrency holdings, allowing them to benefit from potential future price appreciation.
  2. Passive Income
    Users can use vaults with high APY and start earning with no additional management. Biswap DEX has collaborated with TEN Finance and launched vaults on the partner’s platform. You are welcome to experience the beneficial vaults: https://app.ten.finance/?lng=en-US.
  3. No Credit Checks
    In many cases, borrowers don’t need to go through extensive credit checks, making it easier for individuals with limited credit history to access loans.
  4. Flexible Terms
    Borrowers and lenders can often negotiate terms that suit their needs, including interest rates, loan durations, and collateral options.

What are the risks in crypto lending?

  1. Cryptocurrency Price Volatility
    The value of the collateral or borrowed assets can significantly fluctuate, affecting the loan’s risk and the borrower’s ability to repay.
  2. Scams and Fraud
    Some lending platforms might be fraudulent, aiming to steal funds or personal information.
  3. Regulatory Compliance
    Lenders and borrowers might inadvertently violate local regulations or tax laws related to lending and borrowing activities.

How to avoid risks of using crypto loans?

Awareness is the highest point of avoiding crypto dangers. Besides, other important aspects of keeping safe while experiencing lending in the DeFi space exist.

  • DYOR: thoroughly research lending platforms or services before using them. Look for well-established platforms with positive user reviews and a transparent track record. Also, pay attention to the security level of the DAPpp you intend to use.
  • Choose Reputable and Secure Platforms: prioritize established and reputable lending platforms with a history of secure operations. Check for any previous security breaches or customer complaints.
  • Read and Understand Terms: carefully read and understand the terms of the loan agreement, including interest rates, collateral requirements, repayment terms, and any potential fees.
  • Monitor the Market: keep an eye on cryptocurrency market trends. Sudden price movements can impact the value of your collateral and loans. A good idea is to have a plan in case of unexpected market movements, platform issues, or changes in your financial situation.

Security in the digital sphere is crucial as all the responsibility lies in your awareness first. To strengthen your safety, please refer to trusted information and platforms. Biswap has a particular category about crypto security where you can find helpful tips: https://blog.biswap.org/blockchain/security.

Summing Up

As the world of finance continues to evolve, crypto lending emerges as a groundbreaking avenue that bridges the gap between traditional banking and the decentralized realm of cryptocurrencies. However, while crypto lending offers exciting opportunities, it’s crucial to approach this space with caution and informed decision-making.

FAQ Section

How do I choose a crypto lending platform?

Interest is an extra amount of cryptocurrency that a borrower agrees to pay the lender for the privilege of using borrowed funds. It’s essentially the cost of borrowing cryptocurrency. For example, if a borrower borrows 1 Bitcoin with an interest rate of 5%, they would need to repay not only the 1 Bitcoin they borrowed but also an additional 5% of that borrowed amount as interest. So, the total repayment would be 1.05 Bitcoins.

What is the role of smart contracts in crypto lending?

Smart contracts automate loan terms, collateral management, and interest payments. They help ensure transparency and reduce reliance on intermediaries.

How do I choose a crypto lending platform?

Research reputable platforms with positive user feedback, high-security level, long-term strategy, and lending offer. Look for transparent terms, collateral requirements, and interest rates.

What should I do in case of default or market volatility?

Have a well-defined strategy for managing default risk and handling unexpected market movements. It’s also important to have a plan B in case of rapid price moves.

How to earn with crypto lending?

As borrowers use your lent cryptocurrency, you’ll start earning interest on the loaned amount. The interest is typically paid out periodically, depending on the platform’s terms.

How do worldwide regulations impact crypto lending?

Worldwide regulations have a significant impact on the landscape of crypto lending. Regulations can vary widely from one jurisdiction to another, affecting various aspects of crypto lending, including platform operations, user rights, investor protection, and more.

What happens if I won’t return the borrowed amount in crypto lending?

If you fail to return the borrowed amount in crypto lending, it is known as defaulting on the loan. The consequences of defaulting may include loss of collateral, damage to credit score, legal action, banning from platforms, additional fees for late payment, or harm to your reputation.

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