What’s Bitcoin Halving & How to Get Ready for It?

4 min readMar 15, 2024


April 2024 heralds a significant moment for Bitcoin as it approaches another halving event, slated to reduce miners’ rewards to 3.125 BTC per block. This impending shift prompts a critical inquiry into the potential impact on the leading cryptocurrency.

Historical data reveals that Bitcoin typically experiences a surge of 200–300% following such halving events. Notably, after the last halving in May 2020, Bitcoin’s value soared seven times within a year, reaching a previous record high of $69,000.

However, with the halving still over a month away and Bitcoin’s price already nearing its previous all-time high, speculation abounds about what lies ahead. This anomaly in market behavior sparks curiosity and invites an examination of potential future scenarios and underlying factors.

Current Snapshot of Mining Earnings

At present, miners receive 6.25 BTC per mined block, equivalent to around $315,000. Yet, this figure does not encompass various operational expenses such as rent, equipment maintenance, electricity bills, taxes, staff salaries, and financial commitments.

The growing complexity of solo mining has led to the formation of mining pools, where miners pool resources and share profits based on their contributed computing power. However, the primary gauge of mining profitability remains the net margin between earnings and expenses, influenced by factors including:

  • Market price of mined BTC
  • Current mining difficulty
  • Costs and performance of mining equipment
  • Electricity consumption rates
  • Legal and tax frameworks

These factors collectively determine the break-even point for BTC mining, wherein miners neither profit nor incur losses if the market price aligns with production costs. However, a decline in prices below production costs could drive miners towards insolvency.

Present-Day Mining Costs for BTC

In the context of the United States, which accounts for approximately 35% of global mining capacity according to the University of Cambridge, estimating production costs offers practical insight. Electricity prices in the U.S. hover around $86 per megawatt-hour, translating to $0.086 per kilowatt-hour.

The mining landscape continually evolves, with the network’s hash rate — currently at 605.33 EH/s — dictating the overall difficulty metric. As of February 2024, this figure stood at 81.73 T. The rule is straightforward: higher hash rates lead to more challenging mining endeavors.

Excluding unforeseen costs such as equipment maintenance, the estimated expense of mining one Bitcoin ranges between $18,000 and $20,000.

The Profitability Puzzle of 2024 Mining

It’s worth noting that certain mining pools, dormant during the 2022–2023 downturn, opted for bankruptcy instead of liquidating their coin reserves at a loss. With BTC prices now soaring to $69,000, mining income could potentially surpass expenses by over threefold.

However, the impending April halving could fundamentally reshape this dynamic, potentially elevating the production cost per coin to $36,000–$40,000. Miners will receive half the BTC for the same effort, prompting them to withhold assets if market prices plummet below production costs. This scenario particularly affects newly minted coins post-halving.

For mining operations to remain viable, Bitcoin’s market price must double production costs. Hence, a surge to the $80,000–$100,000 range post-halving becomes imperative for miners. Without such an uptick in the months following the halving, mining could plunge into unprofitability for a significant portion of 2024, if not the entire year. Nonetheless, the recent surge to $69,000 instills optimism in the mining community.

In response, savvy companies are likely to accumulate substantial Bitcoin reserves, strategically positioned to navigate potential market downturns. These reserves could serve as a financial cushion, liquidated as necessary to sustain operational needs.

The Ripple Effect of the Halving

Mining plays a pivotal role in shaping the Bitcoin market by supplying the majority of available BTC. Miners benefit by limiting coin sales to artificially bolster the supply-demand equilibrium, thereby influencing BTC’s price.

This underscores the consistently positive impact of halving events on Bitcoin’s long-term valuation, enhancing its scarcity and complicating its production process. Consequently, the market is expected to respond with higher valuations.

Historical precedents in 2012, 2016, and 2020 validate this trend, with Bitcoin’s price witnessing significant increases in the year following a halving. This pattern is anticipated to persist.

For a deeper analysis of the enduring influence of halving events on Bitcoin’s price dynamics, refer to our dedicated article.

Satoshi’s Master Plan

Behind Bitcoin’s inception lies the foresight of its enigmatic founder, Satoshi Nakamoto. The system devised by Nakamoto inherently ensures the continual appreciation of Bitcoin’s value through advancements in the network’s hash rate and mining equipment quality. Miners must upgrade their equipment to compete for blocks, thereby reinforcing Bitcoin’s value.

The design of Bitcoin’s mining ecosystem safeguards against complete non-viability. Should an excess of miners exit, a reduction in difficulty would follow within two weeks, simplifying mining and restoring profitability. This equilibrium sustains mining attractiveness, ensuring a perpetual cycle of hash rate and difficulty levels.

This meticulously balanced system mitigates the risks of significant overvaluation or devaluation of Bitcoin. Even after 2140, when all bitcoins have been mined, miners will continue to earn from transaction fees. The prospect of Bitcoin’s future value remains enticing.




Advancing DeFi ecosystem for efficient capital use. Enjoy flexible trading tools, profitable staking & earning features!